WT 104 S759 (available) - Monographie
Physical dimensions of aging / SPIRDUSO, Waneen W. ; FRANCIS, Karen L. ; MACRAE, Priscilla G..
Champaign, IL : Human Kinetics, 2005 (2nd ed.), , ix, 374 p.

Anatomo-physiologic modifications
Physical health
Physical activity

Mots-clés secondaires : Respiratory and phonatory system ; Arthrosis ; Equilibrium ; Cognitive functions ; Mobility ; Motricity ; Muscles ; Physiology ; Posture ; Prevention ; Quality of life ; Cardiovascular system

Résumé :

Contents :
Part I An Introduction to Aging
Chapter 1 Quantity and Quality of Life
What Is Aging?
How Is Aging Described?
What Causes Aging?
Can the Aging Process Be Slowed?
How Does Physical Aging Affect Quality of Life?
Quality of Life Components
Health and Fitness Contributions in Different Age Categories
Chapter 2 Individual Differences
Assessment of Individual Differences
Sources of Individual Differences
How Research Design Affects Our View of Individual Differences
Can the Process of Studying People Influence Individual Differences?
Biological Age
Importance of Individual Differences in Understanding Aging Research
Part II Physical Changes in Structure, Capacity, and Endurance
Chapter 3 Physical Development and Decline
Changes in Body Shape
Changes in Body Composition
Changes in Bone
Coping With the Interface of Aging Bones, Muscles, and Tendons
Skin: Taking the Brunt of the Environment for Years
Chapter 4 Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Function
Aging Effects on the Cardiovascular System
Aging Effects on the Respiratory System
Preventing or Postponing Aging Effects on the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
Chapter 5 Muscular Strength and Power
Strength and Power
Changes in Muscular Strength With Age
Why Strength Decreases With Age
Resistance Training for Strength
Muscular Power
Part III Motor Coordination, Motor Control, and Skill
Chapter 6 Balance, Posture, and Locomotion
Defining the Multiple Dimensions of Balance
Theoretical Framework of Balance and Mobility
Intrinsic Systems Contributing to Balance and Mobility
Age-Associated Changes in the Systems Contributing to Balance and Mobility
Evaluating the Multiple Dimensions of Balance
Age-Associated Changes in Gait
Measuring Gain
Falling-When Balance Fails
Can Falling in the Elderly Be Prevented?
Chapter 7 Behavioral Speed
Response Speed
Age-Sensitive Factors That Affect Response Speed
Reaction Time and Variability
Other Factors Influencing Speed of Processing
Theories of Response Slowing
Neurobiological Explanations of Age-Related Slowing
Movement Speed
Functional Significance of Behavioral Speed
Chapter 8 Motor Coordination and Control
Definitions of Coordination, Control, and Learning
Age-Related Sensorimotor Changes That Affect Coordination and Control
Theoretical Strategies to Explain Coordination, Control, and Learning
How Coordination and Control Are Accomplished
Upper Limb and Hand Control
Aging Effects on Two Important Tasks: Driving and Handwriting
Learning Physical Skills
Mechanisms of Learning: Neural Plasticity
Compensatory Strategies for Losses of Coordination
Psychological and Emotional Factors That Influence Coordination and Learning
Part IV Physical-Psychosocial Relationships
Chapter 9 Health, Exercise, and Cognitive Function
Concepts of Physical Activity, Health and Fitness, and Cognitive Function
Health and Physical Activity Effects on Cognitive Function
Mechanisms by Which Physical Activity May Benefit Cognition
Process by Which Fitness May Benefit Cognitive Function
Implications of a Physical Activity-Cognition Relationship for Older Adults
Chapter 10 Health-Related Quality of Life
Quality of Life
Physical Function, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Exercise
Influence of Exercise on Well-Being
Characteristics of Exercise Related to Well-Being
Part V Physical Performance and Achievement
Chapter 11 Physical Function of Older Adults
Definitions of Physical Function
Hierarchy of Physical Function in Older Adults
Determining Physical Function in the Elderly
Role of Physical Activity in Postponing Disability and Facilitating Independent Living
Exercise Interventions and Physical Function
Expectations for Physical Performance of the Old and Oldest-Old
Chapter 12 Physically Elite Older Adults
Who Are the "Physically Elite" Older Adults?
Masters Athletes
Studying the Elite Physical Performance of Masters Athletes
Masters Athletes' Record Performances
Estimating Age-Related Changes in Physiological Function Capacity
Nonphysiological Factors That Influence Maximum Sport Performance
Social Support Systems and the Positive Secular Trend
How Do They Do It?

Illustrations : graph. ; ill. ; portr.
Language : Anglais
Book type : MONO
Doc n° : 18598 ISBN / ISSN : 0736033157
NumRec : 1859803


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